Typical beekeeping supplies include bees, queen bee, hives, swarms, Nuc Boxes, frames and foundations. These are supplies that are essential for hive making. Along with these, bee medication is also an important honeybee supply.
The first and foremost supply is of bees. The source of bees varies according to the region. If an area has experienced honey beekeepers, it is prudent to obtain bees from them and make sure that the colony is established one. In case the colony is in a fixed-comb hive, then that can be transferred onto frame-type of hive. Bees can be bought in packages or in nuc boxes. Nuc boxes have nuclei or nuc which is a small colony and has an adult bee and has bars or frames along with comb, brood and stores. A package consists of a screen-wire box that has worker bees and a caged queen bee. The honey bees are generally sold by weight.
While opting for high-tech beekeeping, bee keepers’ supplies should be obtained in packages and nucs. Before installing them in the hive, expert opinion can be sought from sellers. It is essential that the source of bees is local so as to avoid disease, pests and unwanted bee stains as a result of imported bees.
Next, supply of swarms is also another option to obtain bees and it is an important beekeeping supply. Swarms can be obtained in an area where they are routinely found. Use of bait hive is very effective in catching swarms. Swarms can also be procured from nearby apiary. This is a fast way of breeding bees.
Next honey beekeeping supply is hive. Hives are of different types like fixed-comb hives, moveable-comb hives, Langstroth hive, etc. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. Depending upon your requirement and scale of honey beekeeping, you can opt for a hive. Fixed-comb hive are naturally built on natural structures like trees. Moveable –comb hive and Langstroth hives can be built or can be purchased from stores or online. Polystyrene hive is another type of hive that is easily available online.
Nuc boxes that come along with frames have become essential part of beekeeper’s supplies. With 5 Frame Nuc Feeder, feeding nucs has become easy. They come with plastic top feeder with five frames. The feeder covers the entire top of the nuc. Thus, there is no need to open the nuc and disturb the bees to refill the feeder. You have to just lift the lid and fill the reservoir. Nuc boxes can be bought at any beekeeping store or online.
Foundation is also an important honeybee supply. It is generally made of plastic and wax that is the base for honey bees to draw out the comb.
Thus, it is clear that all the beekeeping supplies are easily available, though care should be taken to procure bee, queen bee and swarm locally so as to avoid disease that come with imported bee stock. Also, most of the other supplies are easily available online and in beekeeping stores. These supplies can be procured locally through beekeeping associations and experienced beekeepers in your area.